The IT Army of Ukraine was created situationally, without a clearly structured and proven plan. Born out of necessity, it has turned into a hybrid structure that is neither civil nor military, neither State nor private, neither local nor international, neither legal nor illegal.
A few years before the start of the special operation, the Ukrainian government discussed the idea of creating a cyber army of volunteers. These discussions were inspired by the success of the cyber division of the Estonian Defense Union and other attempts to organize and attract “IT volunteers” to existing military structures.
According to Stefan Soesanto’s research, the IT army of Ukraine consists of about 300,000 volunteers, who are coordinated through a large Telegram channel and chats in which technical problems are discussed and targets for future attacks are selected.
The IT Army of Ukraine includes:
IT companies that previously dealt with cybersecurity issues. The most famous of them can be called disBalancer, which before the start of the special operation was engaged in protection against DDoS attacks;
Cyber society and cyber volunteers who are formed into cyber groups;
Individual IT specialists or people who have just entered this field, who quickly figured out DDoS technologies or other attack vectors and actively help in cyberwar.
Unlike other similar structures, the IT Army of Ukraine appeared spontaneously, without a clearly structured and proven plan. Similarly, the absence of a Ukrainian military cyber command probably also forced Kiev to creatively approach the question of how to combine its military and intelligence cyber capabilities with the civilian IT community.
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